Teachers Guide Perot Museum Programs 2012-13 : Eighth

PROGRAMS BY GRADE (8th GRADE) CLASSROOM PROGRAMS Adapt to Survive In the animal kingdom, adaptation is the key to survival. In this instructor-led, dialogue-based program, students use taxidermy specimens, skulls, pelts and other hands-on natural items to pinpoint the ways in which animals are both physically and behaviorally adapted to survive — and thrive — in their habitats. TEKS: 3a, 11abc ABC’s of Chemistry Chemistry can be fun! This class introduces students to the basics of chemistry, states of matter and atomic behavior, and helps demonstrate the important role that energy plays in the process of phase change. Through engaging experiments and demonstrations using innocuous yet reactive materials, students will determine whether a chemical or physical reaction is taking place. TEKS: 1ab, 3abcd, 4ab, 5abcdef Air and Weather Discovery is in the air as students explore the water cycle, learn how clouds form and investigate the explosive power of tornadoes. They’ll also use a Van de Graaff generator to reveal shocking facts about lightning! Some student volunteers will even have the opportunity to join our educators in front of the class as assistant meteorologists. TEKS: 1a, 3abcd, 4ab, 6c, 10abc Amusement Park Physics From bumper cars to roller coasters, every amusement park ride has its own unique thrill — and as your students will discover, the physics behind these machines can be pretty exciting, too! Our instructors will guide your class through topics such as kinetic and potential energy, force, mass, velocity, acceleration, motion, gravity, momentum, inertia and friction as they focus on the design and operation of these whimsical creations. TEKS: 1a, 2abcde, 3ad, 4a, 6abc Catch Some Waves: Sound and Light Our educational programs often have a ripple effect on student curiosity – a fact that’s especially evident in this station-based exploration of sound and light waves! Your class will conduct experiments to explore the parts of a wave, mechanical waves, electromagnetic waves, amplitude, the Doppler effect, reflection, refraction, and the relationship between frequency and pitch. TEKS: 1a, 2abcde, 3ad, 4a, 6abc Farming for Fuel Various discovery stations encourage students to explore alternative energy, the carbon cycle and the importance of biofuels. They’ll use solar and hydroelectric-powered model cars, conduct an experiment to find out which household drink would make the best biofuel, and look at plant cells through a digital microscope – all to better understand the balance of energy on our planet. This program is made possible by a grant from the U.S. Department of Energy and the BioEnergy Science Center in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. TEKS: 2abcde, 3abc, 4ab Look Out: The Eye* As your students will discover during this guided dissection program, the inner workings of the eye are complex and fascinating. In teams of two, students will conduct their own dissection of a real sheep’s eye to learn about the eye’s structure, its connection to the brain, and how the parts of the eye work together. *Lab-based program TEKS: 1a, 2a, 3a, 4ab Nothin’ But Net How do basketball players launch three-pointers? Are there machines and physics on the basketball court? In this program, students will use catapults and shoot miniature basketballs – all in the name of helping them understand energy, mechanics and the three classes of levers. By analyzing their distance data and using what they learn from these simple machines, they’ll be able to compare catapults to the structure of a human arm! TEKS: 1a, 2abcde, 3ad, 4a, 6ac

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